THE NIGERIA SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE PERSPECTIVE:
Historical Origin of international marine time laws. The freedom of the sea concept dating back to the 17th century, provided that National rights were limited to a specific belt of water extending from a Nations coastline, usually 3 nautical miles according to the cannon shot rule developed by the Dutch Jurist Cornelius Bynkershoek
All waters beyond National boundaries were considered international waters which is free to all nations but belonging to none of them. In the 20th century,, some Nations expressed their desire to extend their national claims beyond the 3 nautical miles to include mineral resources to enforce pollution control and to protect fish stocks; using the customary International Law principle of a Nations right to protect her natural resources, president Truman in 1945…….